西安市位于中国大陆腹地黄河流域中部的关中盆地，面积9983平方公里。人们常说：二十年中国看深圳，一百年中国看上海，一千年中国看北京，而五千年中国则看西安。西安与雅典、罗马、开罗并称为世界四大古都，从公元前11世纪到公元10世纪左右，先后有13个朝代或政权在西安建都及建立政权，历时1100余年。1981年联合国科教文组织把西安确定为世界历史名城。 公元前二世纪前后，汉武帝为了扩大了西汉地域，派张骞两次出使西域，开创了由西安出发连接欧、亚、非三洲的丝绸之路。这是中国历史上首次与西方进行的最大规模的经济文化交流活动。丝绸之路东起古长安，由河西走廊到敦煌分为南北两路穿过新疆，一直到欧洲，总长7000多公里，成为此后一千多年间中国与西方交流的主要干线。在中国古代史上写下了辉煌的篇章。 作为中国著名的旅游中心城市，西安首先以人文景观数量巨大，种类繁多，分布广泛，价值珍贵驰誉中外。
Xian, located in central-northwest China, records the great changes of the country just like a living history book. Called Chang'an (meaning the eternal city) in ancient times, it is one of the birthplaces of the ancient Chinese civilization in the Yellow River Basin area. As the eastern terminal of the Silk Road and the site of the famous Terracotta Warriors of the Qin Dynasty, the city has won a reputation all over the world. More than 3,000 years of history including over 1,100 years as the capital city of ancient dynasties, have endowed the city with an amazing historical heritage. Travelers marvel at the numerous historical sites and cultural relics in the city.
It is no exaggeration that Xian is the first choice if you are willing to find the longest history of China. This region is one of the vital birthplaces of the profound Chinese civilization. Benefiting from the fertile land and comfortable climate in ancient time, the rulers of 13 dynasties have set up their capitals here successively. Thus, Xian is one of the cities which preserve a wealth of historical heritages.
Together with Athens, Cairo and Rome, Xian is among the four major ancient civilization capitals of the world. It is on the natural westward land route out of China into Central Asia, the starting point and terminus of the Silk Road, which brought the city material wealth as well as religious and cultural melting for over a thousand years.
Known as the leading city of China's Western Development Drive Program since 1990s, Xian is an important economic, cultural, industrial and educational center of the central-northwest region, providing visitors with modern and convenient facilities.
Read more about Xi'an